The firm’s unit that caters to individuals and families with more than $5 million, put client money in a partnership that bought more than 5,000 single family homes to rent in Florida, Arizona, Nevada and California, said David Lyon, a managing director and investment specialist at JPMorgan Private Bank. Investors can expect returns of as much as 8% annually from rental income as well as part of the profits when the homes are sold, he said.
The bank’s wealthy clients are joining a growing number of private-equity firms and individuals buying rental homes in the regions hardest hit by the U.S. housing crash. Blackstone Group LP has spent $2.7 billion, and said last month it accelerated purchases as home prices rise faster than anticipated. Even after home values in November gained by the most in six years, investors are wagering on rental properties as an alternative to housing-related stocks and mortgage debt that’s already soared.
“The traditional places people might look—homebuilder stocks and appliance makers—probably aren’t the best places for new investments,” said John Buckingham, chief investment officer at Al Frank Asset Management in Aliso Viejo, Calif., which oversees about $4.5 billion. “They’ve had fantastic runs.”
PulteGroup Inc., the largest homebuilder by market value, was the biggest gainer on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index last year, rising 188%, helping an index of 11 builders more than double since the end of 2011, and raising concern among analysts including Michael Widner of Stifel Nicolaus & Co. that growth is already priced in.
Whirlpool Corp., a home-appliance maker, was the third-best performing stock in the S&P 500 Index last year, rising 114%, and subprime-mortgage bonds gained more than 40%.
The investments rallied as the housing recovery strengthened through 2012 with the Federal Reserve pushing mortgage rates to record lows, and as institutional investors increased their purchases of foreclosed homes. Home prices in 20 U.S. cities rose 5.5% in November from a year earlier, the most in more than six years, an S&P/Case-Shiller index of property values showed last month.
New York-based JPMorgan, whose private bank oversees $877 billion, started pooling investments from its clients in mid-2012 into a partnership to purchase distressed properties, betting that prices will rise over the next several years and provide investors with income from renters along the way, said Lyon. The firm uses a third-party manager to find homes, buy and manage them, he said, declining to name the firm.
The goal is to sell the houses within three to four years in one of three ways: through an initial public offering of a real estate investment trust, a sale to an existing REIT or to an institutional buyer such as a pension fund, Lyon, who’s based in San Francisco, said. Clients will receive a share of any price appreciation depending on the size of their investment.
The strategy is similar to institutional buyers including Blackstone, the world’s largest buyout firm, Thomas Barrack’s Colony Capital LLC and Oaktree Capital Group LLC. They’re aiming to profit from low prices on distressed properties, often those in foreclosure and sold at auction—and the demand for rentals from people who don’t want to own a home or can’t qualify for a mortgage.
“It’s hard to find a private-equity firm on the planet that doesn’t have a strategy in this space,” Gary Beasley, chief executive officer at Waypoint Homes, said last week at the American Securitization Forum’s annual conference in Las Vegas. The Oakland, Calif.-based company has bought homes in California, Arizona, Illinois and Georgia.
Since the 2008 financial crisis, lenders have required higher credit scores and larger down payments to qualify for mortgages. Borrowers whose loans for purchases closed in 2012 had an average credit score of 740, according to data compiled by real estate data service CoreLogic Inc., up from 716 in 2006. That’s contributed to a decline in the U.S. home ownership rate to 65.4% at the end of 2012 from a peak of 69.2% in June 2004, the Commerce Department reported.
The number of renter-occupied residences increased an estimated 1.1 million last year while the number of owner-occupied households fell by 106,000, according to a Commerce Department report.
Buying single-family homes to rent in some locations has become more attractive to bond investors in the past year as mortgage-backed securities without the backing of the U.S. government have become more expensive, said Sandeep Bordia, head of residential and commercial credit strategy at Barclays Plc.
“If you look at some of the really beaten down areas—Miami, Orlando, Vegas, Tampa—we do think the return on that asset, if you just buy a home, collect the rent and do whatever you need to do on the cost side, you’re getting a return of somewhere between 6% and 8%,” Bordia said. Nonagency mortgage-backed securities are generally yielding 4% to 6%, he said.
The “sweet spot” in many areas would be homes prices between $100,000 and $150,000, Bordia and other analysts wrote in a Feb. 1 report. While smaller homes can provide the highest gross rental yields, there are fixed costs and the risk of higher tenant delinquencies, they wrote.
Even as the housing market probably will do well across the nation, areas where property prices already are high such as San Diego, Los Angeles, Denver and San Francisco, will see lower rental yields, of 4% to 5%, Bordia said.
Jumping into the single-family home market now carries the risk that it’s already getting crowded, and the bargains in the best locations are dwindling, said Craig Pastolove, a managing director at New York-based Morgan Stanley.