Bank of America Corp.’s Countrywide unit should pay the maximum of $2.1 billion in penalties for selling defective mortgage loans to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in the run-up to the 2008 financial crisis, the U.S. says.

U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff in Manhattan is considering how much to penalize the bank following months of arguments over the size of the civil fine that Charlotte, N.C.-based Bank of America should pay in the first mortgage-fraud case brought by the U.S. to go trial. The bank has claimed it should have to pay $1.1 million at most.

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