Two federal agencies and 15 states have taken more than 40 actions against foreclosure relief operations, alleging the firms charged distressed borrowers millions of dollars in fees without following through on service.

The actions jointly announced Wednesday by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the Federal Trade Commission and the states are part of an ongoing enforcement sweep dubbed Operation Mis-Modification. Regulators are trying to rein in firms that used deceptive marketing by promising to modify a loan or prevent foreclosure but charged upfront fees before services were rendered.

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