While not without its challenges, remote work has largely kept mortgage companies running while minimizing health risks from the coronavirus.

It has also taught the mortgage industry a few things about the importance of effective automation, information security and integrity, contingency planning and customer communication.

From what it takes to accommodate remote notarization to figuring out how to process an influx of forbearance requests through limited communication channels, here are five takeaways from coronavirus-related work restrictions.
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Remote closings remain a complex process — so far
The mortgage industry was moving toward remote closings before the coronavirus outbreak in the United States. As more firms look to enable themselves for such capabilities, they may be stymied by the many complications in the process.

"While the technology components necessary for a fully electronic closing have been built by various companies that support the mortgage industry, my impression is that a relatively small percentage of mortgages industry-wide actually go through that fully electronic process," said PK Parekh, senior vice president and business head at Discover Home Loans. "That's because there is a complex web of county, state, agency, and investor requirements that make it difficult for many lenders to scale up a simple, uniform process for all of their customers."

Ultimately, social distancing may make things like remote notarization more common, but not overnight. It can take upwards of 30, 60 or 90 days to install the remote notarization technology components because of multiple systems, parties and methods involved, said Craig Focardi, senior analyst, banking, at Celent.

For example, different forms of remote notarization are used depending on what local rules and capabilities allow. These include remote ink-signed notarizations (RIN), remote online notarization (RON), in-person electronic notarization and online IPEN.

Companies have been able to operate without the technology, but may work more efficiently with it. Discover Home Loans, for example, reduced closed-end home-equity loan origination costs by more than 50%, notary errors by 46% and processing times by more than 30%, according to a Celent case study based on the lender’s experience implementing electronic closing and recording technologies from DocuTech and Simplifile last year.

"Virtually all mortgages can get closed today, but there's a huge disparity in the level of effort and security between remote closing and notarization, versus when consumers have to drive to get to a closing, particularly in an environment where many banks are closing branches," Focardi said.
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Working from home can raise the risk of wire fraud
Since mid-March, when many began working remotely, attempts to divert and steal funds wired during the closing process have risen an estimated 65%, according to risk-management vendor Dytrix. That's in line with the rise in overall fraud risk noted since the coronavirus has spread.

"Cybersecurity has been a growing problem in our industry and a lot of what we do is with third-party providers," said Regina Lowrie, CEO of risk management firm Dytrix. "Couple that with employees working at home and the issues associated with data privacy and cybersecurity become a bigger issue."

One strategy for reducing wire fraud risk — even though it may seem counterintuitive in a remote work setting — is to minimize online communication related to closings. The more online data there is, the more likely hackers can get information that will help them perpetrate fraud.

"Try to reduce or eliminate any email traffic with the closing agent," Lowrie suggests.

Lowrie also suggests companies review their warehouse lending covenants and cybersecurity insurance contracts so they know how much potential exposure they have to this risk. Cybersecurity policies tend to have an exclusion for situations where a staff member wires funds to a fraudulent recipient without taking steps to ensure those funds were going to the correct one, she said. Warehouse lending contracts are less consistent.

Money lost through wire fraud is rarely recoverable and incidents are common in the real estate industry, according to Lowrie. Losses from real estate and rental fraud in general totaled more than $200 million last year, according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Internet Crime Complaint Center.
New Orleans, USA Old historic Garden district in Louisiana with green spring summer day and woman photographer taking picture of house with camera
New Orleans, USA Old historic Garden district in Louisiana with green spring summer day and woman photographer taking picture of house with camera
Getting an accurate remote appraisal can be tricky
Social distancing and policies that accommodate it have necessitated finding a safe and reliable means of assessing housing values when circumstances discourage on-site inspections.

With the coronavirus expected to introduce more valuation fraud and underwriting risk into the market, mortgage companies are finding that they need ensure that remote appraisals provide a reliable estimate of collateral housing values as well as a safe one.

Some firms, like valuations and technology vendor Clear Capital, are looking to give clients the capability to do 360-degree scans of their homes, in place of a traditional walk-through. But simpler tools must suffice for now.

"Most people have a smart phone with a good camera so this is the lowest-friction way to do this right now," said Kenon Chen, executive vice president at Clear Capital.
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2020 Tax Company. Colorful stickers with reminder at 1040 tax form close up
Mortgage pros may look at remote work's tax implications in new light
Before the coronavirus outbreak, some mortgage professionals that worked remotely were considering becoming mortgage brokers because of tax reform that made it more difficult for employees to deduct unreimbursed expenses.

The dynamics of the job market within the mortgage industry could drastically change if remote work and other COVID-era contingencies are adopted permanently. The benefits of becoming a mortgage broker, for example, may look different in the post-pandemic period. Also, mortgage bankers and brokers may no longer be bound to working for firms in their immediate area.

It may be too soon to see how all that shakes out given the many uncertainties associated with the coronavirus implications and related government policies, but one thing is clear, the context mortgage professionals have to consider when looking at current tax implications of remote work is different now.
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Sos phone or helpline for people in personal crisis - top view of We listen sign on wooden desk with telephone, digital tablet and cup of coffee.
Thorough communication with customers is crucial
With a deluge of forbearance and refinancing requests to process while working remotely, funneling as many borrowers as possible into an Internet portal may seem efficient.

In some cases, however, mortgage companies are finding it more advantageous to engage their customers through multiple communication channels, and speak with them in more detail.

"When customers inform us they have been impacted by COVID-19 and would like a forbearance, we provide it to them," said Mike Dubeck, CEO and president of Planet Home Financial Group. "And when we speak with customers, we are taking more time to explain the nuances in the options available to them."

For example, a customer may not realize the options they have for repaying the debt later. Laying out all the options and answering all their questions can help, Dubeck said.
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